Comparative table – Camellia Oleifera oil, Olive oil, Avocado oil, Coconut oil

Comparative Analysis of Antioxidant and Compound Content in Various Oils

Antioxidant/CompoundCamellia Oleifera (Tea Seed Oil)Coconut OilOlive OilAvocado Oil
SesamumHighest (63.5%)LowLowLow
Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG)Highest (9%)Lowest (2.5%)Equal High (2.5%)Low
CatechinHighest (6%)Lowest (5%)Lowest (5%)Low
ProanthocyanidinsHighest (4%)Lowest (3%)Lowest (3%)Low
Vitamin EHigh (16%)High (16%)Highest (21%)Low (1.5%)
Lauric acidLow (10.3%)Highest (50.8%)Low (10%)Low (12%)
Myristic acidLow (12.1%)Moderate (17.4%)Low (12%)Low (14%)
Capric acidLow
(4.0%)
Moderate (7.2%)Low
(4%)
Low
(5%)
Caprylic acidLow
(4.0%)
Moderate (7.2%)Low
(4%)
Low
(5%)
OleocanthalLow
(0.6%)
Lowest (0.3%)Highest (2.5%)Low
OleuropeinLow (2.7%)Low (2.0%)Highest (52.5%)Lowest (1.4%)
Linoleic acidModerate (5.5%)Lowest (2.8%)Highest
(20-22%)
Moderate (5.5%)
Oleic acidHighest
(~80%)
Low (~10%)High
(~70%)
High (~60%)
Polyphenols (General)Moderate-HighModerate-HighHighestHigh
SqualeneModerateModerateModerateLow
PhytosterolsModerateModerateModerateLow

The table offers a broad comparison of various oils based on their antioxidant and compound content, highlighting that actual levels may vary due to factors like plant variety, growing conditions, and processing methods. The use of terms like “highest,” “moderate,” and “low” provides a general view rather than precise scientific measurements. Despite these variations, extensive research indicates that Camellia Oleifera oil, with its specific compositions, is exceptionally beneficial for skincare and cooking. For more detailed information and comparisons, please refer to our webpage on this topic.

Antioxidants as in the Table above, and what they do in the body-

  1. Sesamum
    • What It Is: Sesamum, more commonly known as sesamin, is a lignan compound found in sesame seeds and their oil.
    • Health Benefits: Sesamin is known for its antioxidant properties. It can support heart health by lowering blood pressure and improving lipid profiles. It may also have neuroprotective effects and can contribute to healthier skin due to its anti-inflammatory properties.
  2. Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG)
    • What It Is: A type of catechin, EGCG is a potent antioxidant predominantly found in green tea.
    • Health Benefits: EGCG is renowned for its role in heart health, potentially reducing the risk of heart disease. It may improve brain health by promoting neural cell function and has anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties. EGCG is also used in skincare products for its anti-ageing effects.
  3. Catechin
    • What It Is: Catechins are natural antioxidants found in tea, cocoa, and berries.
    • Health Benefits: They help in reducing oxidative stress, thereby supporting heart and brain health. Catechins can protect the skin from ultraviolet radiation and improve skin quality. They may also contribute to overall health by supporting metabolic processes.
  4. Proanthocyanidins
    • What It Is: These are a class of polyphenols found in a variety of plants.
    • Health Benefits: Known for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, they support heart health by improving circulation and reducing cholesterol levels. They are beneficial for skin health, helping to protect against sun damage and improve skin elasticity.
  5. Vitamin E
    • What It Is: A fat-soluble vitamin with powerful antioxidant properties, found in many foods including vegetable oils, nuts, and seeds.
    • Health Benefits: Vitamin E is crucial for maintaining healthy skin and hair due to its protective effects against oxidative stress. It supports heart health by preventing the oxidation of LDL cholesterol and may have beneficial effects on brain health.
  6. Oleic Acid
    • What It Is: A monounsaturated fatty acid found in various vegetable oils.
    • Health Benefits: Oleic acid is beneficial for heart health as it can improve lipid profiles. It’s also good for skin and hair, providing moisturizing and strengthening properties.
  7. Polyphenols (General)
    • What They Are: Polyphenols are a diverse group of micronutrients with antioxidant properties, found in a variety of plant foods.
    • Health Benefits: They are known for reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases, improving brain health by reducing inflammation and oxidative stress, and protecting against skin ageing.
  8. Squalene
    • What It Is: A natural organic compound originally obtained from shark liver oil and also found in olive oil and other vegetable oils.
    • Health Benefits: Squalene is used in cosmetics for its moisturizing properties. It’s also believed to have antioxidant properties, beneficial for skin health.
  9. Phytosterols
    • What They Are: Plant-derived compounds similar in structure and function to cholesterol.
    • Health Benefits: Phytosterols can lower LDL cholesterol levels, benefiting heart health. They are also used in cosmetics for their anti-inflammatory and skin barrier protection properties.

Other compounds explained that are in the Table:

  1. Lauric Acid
    • What It Is: A saturated fatty acid found predominantly in coconut oil and palm kernel oil.
    • Health Benefits: Lauric acid is known for its antimicrobial properties. It’s beneficial for skin health, particularly in treating acne due to its ability to kill bacteria. While it’s a saturated fat, some studies suggest it might have a more neutral impact on heart health compared to other saturated fats.
  2. Myristic Acid
    • What It Is: A common saturated fatty acid found in coconut oil, palm kernel oil, and dairy products.
    • Health Benefits: Myristic acid is used in the cosmetic industry for its emulsifying and opacifying properties. It’s less discussed in the context of heart health, as high consumption of saturated fats is generally advised against for cardiovascular well-being.
  3. Capric Acid
    • What It Is: Another saturated fatty acid, found in coconut oil and palm kernel oil.
    • Health Benefits: Similar to lauric acid, capric acid has antimicrobial properties. It is used in cosmetics and may have beneficial effects on skin health. In terms of dietary intake, it’s typically consumed in small amounts.
  4. Caprylic Acid
    • What It Is: A medium-chain saturated fatty acid found in coconut oil and palm kernel oil.
    • Health Benefits: Caprylic acid is known for its antifungal properties and is often used in treating skin conditions like candida overgrowth. It is also used in skincare products for its moisturizing benefits.
  5. Oleocanthal
    • What It Is: A phenolic compound found in extra-virgin olive oil.
    • Health Benefits: Oleocanthal has anti-inflammatory properties similar to ibuprofen, which can be beneficial for heart health and potentially for brain health, particularly in reducing the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. It also has antioxidant properties beneficial for overall health.
  6. Oleuropein
    • What It Is: A compound found in olive oil and olive leaves.
    • Health Benefits: Known for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and disease-fighting properties, oleuropein supports heart health by improving arterial health and reducing the oxidation of LDL cholesterol. It’s also studied for its potential neuroprotective benefits.
  7. Linoleic Acid
    • What It Is: An omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid found in many vegetable oils.
    • Health Benefits: Linoleic acid is essential for human health, involved in cell structure and function. It’s important for skin health, promoting a healthy skin barrier. While necessary, a balance between omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids is important for overall health, particularly for heart health.